E.S Haji & Co , the leading Flange Manufacturer in Chennai , specializes mainly in MS ( Mild Steel ) Flanges . We are engaged in manufacturing and supplying a wide range of Mild Steel Flanges that is offered in different variety. These flanges are high in performance and require low maintenance. We are offering these at market leading prices and are available in different sizes. Moreover, we also undertake package consignments as per the requirements of our clients and deliver these in bulk quantities within stipulated time frame.
What is Mild Steel ?
Mild Steel is also known as plain Carbon Steel. Mild steel is a type of steel that contains 2 % percent carbon or less. This material is also referred to as soft steel. Because it is softer than other types of steel, sheets of mild steel can be easily welded together to form one continuous piece or to connect the metal joints.
Where is Mild Steel used ?
There is literally millions of uses for it. It can be cut, drilled, machined, threaded or tapped, rolled, formed, bent, welded, forged in a mould, folded (to form a weapon or tool), pressed, stamped, spun into wire or cable, magnetised… the list goes on.
But it is dominatingly used in the Flange making Industry .
Mechanical Properties of Mild Steel
Steel is made up of carbon and iron, with much more iron than carbon. In fact, at the most, steel can have about 2.1 percent carbon. Mild steel is one of the most commonly used construction materials. It is very strong and can be made from readily available natural materials. It is known as mild steel because of its relatively low carbon content.
Mild steel is very strong due to the low amount of carbon it contains. In materials science, strength is a complicated term. Mild steel has a high resistance to breakage. Mild steel, as opposed to higher carbon steels, is quite malleable, even when cold. This means it has high tensile and impact strength. Higher carbon steels usually shatter or crack under stress, while mild steel bends or deforms.
Manufacturing Process of Mild Steel
Forging is one of the oldest metalworking processes known to man, still used at E.S Haji & Co. For centuries, people have shaped and molded steel by applying heat, pounding it to shape and then hardening it to keep its shape. Practicing this ancient art form is best done with mild steel, as it is easier to work with, hence making Mild Steel Manufacturing of Flanges very facile at E . S Haji & Co.
Mild Steel is also referred to as soft steel , and so mild steel can be easily welded together to form one continuous piece or to connect the metal joints. Also , Metal inert gas (MIG) welding, a common welding process using an electrical arc from a wire electrode, is typically used to fuse mild steel together.
Hardening steel is an essential part of any blade-making process. When exposed to heat, carbon molecules in steel realign themselves in a harder, stronger pattern, allowing a blade to hold an edge. Two processes are necessary to harden steel: the initial hardening, or heat treating, and tempering.
Mild heat treating of steel components describes a process in which steel is subjected to a combination of heating and cooling operations in order to increase its strength and durability. Heat treating refines the grain of the steel as the carbon molecules react with the iron content. This traditional process works for medium- and high-carbon steel, but not for mild steel, which has a low carbon content. Mild steel must be case hardened. This involves changing the chemical composition of the surface layer of the metal by allowing it to react with a source of carbon. This process creates a hardened steel “case” around the softer, low-carbon mild steel.
Hardening Mild Steel With Salt Water
Hardening mild steel with salt water is an old-time method not used so often anymore in the welding community, although using salt water is a great way to keep everything easy, and it’s readily available to anyone. The greatest benefit to this method is that it’s completely non-toxic
Mild Steel vs Stainless Steel – pros and cons
|Mild Steel is ductile and can easily be machined.||However , it is not strong for its weight , rusts easily , cannot be made better by heat treatment.|
|Generation of heat is less than that of stainless steel. So, the tool can have better life and you can do more machining.||It is weak in tensile strength.|
|Cost factor is of prime importance as other steel are more costly than Mild steel.||As it is cheap and easily available , it is not durable for a very long time.|
|Mild steel, a grade of steel that does not harden when heated and chilled with cold water, so further machining can be easy.||Stainless Steel has high corrosion resistance properties than the mild steel.|
|No need to change the tool repeatedly and no special tools are required for machining.||Mild Steel Headers are very tough to repair or modify due to Thermal Coatings and rust.|
|Mild Steel has high toughness and high strength than Stainless Steel.||Stainless steel also has hard varieties like martensitic stainless steel which can ignore the hardening capacity of the mild steel.|